Nigeria is one of the world’s leading oil producers. Yet, a majority of the population live in poverty. In this lesson, students will uncover and analyze the causes of conflict in Nigeria, with specific emphasis on oil and the Niger Delta region. Students will develop an understanding of the challenges Nigerians face and then be able to clearly articulate in a paper or presentation the reasons behind these challenges. This unit includes a slide show that illustrates living conditions in the Niger Delta region, a mapping activity, and links to plenty of targeted online resources.